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Iskandar Malaysia UTM Research Centre

Growing beyond the challenges of today, the Iskandar Malaysia UTM Research Centre (IMREC) will synergise key expertise, skilled knowledge and experience from the world-renowned team of UTM Professors and Experts, to actuate the global potential of Iskandar Malaysia Read More...
Khulafa al-Rasyidin | .::Ariff_Makhfudz::.

Khulafa al-Rasyidin

Rentetan sejarah semasa pemerintahan Khulafa Al-Rasyidin

632M- Kewafatan Nabi Muhammad s.a.w. Saidina Abu Bakar dilantik menjadi khalifah. Usamah ibn Zaid mengetuai ekspedisi ke Syria. Kempen menentang kumpulan Murtad iaitu Bani Tamim dan Musailamah al-Kazzab.

633M- Pengumpulan Al Quran bermula.

634M- Kewafatan Saidina Abu Bakar. Saidina Umar Al-Khatab dilantik menjadi khalifah. Penaklukan Damsyik dan seterusnya kempen meluaskan jajahan Islam di Tanah Parsi.

635M- Penawanan Madain, ibukota Empayar Parsi Sassanid.

636M- Penaklukan Syria, Mesopotamia, dan Palestin.

637M- Mesir ditawan.

638M- Penawanan Baitulmuqaddis oleh tentera Islam.

640M- Kerajaan Islam Madinah mula membuat duit syiling Islam.

644M- Saidina Umar mati syahid akibat dibunuh. Saidina Uthman Affan menjadi khalifah.

645M- Kempen di Afrika Utara. Cyprus ditakluk.

646M- Kempen menentang Byzantine.

647M- Angkatan Tentera Laut Islam ditubuhkan & diketuai oleh Muawiyah Abu Sufyan. Perang di laut menentang angkatan laut Byzantine. Empayar Parsi Sassanid ditumpaskan.

648M- Pemberontakan menentang pemerintahan Saidina Uthman.

656M- Saidina Uthman wafat akibat dibunuh. Saidina Ali Abi Talib dilantik menjadi khalifah. Terjadinya Perang Jamal.

657M- Saidina Ali memindahkan pusat pemerintahan daripada Madinah ke Kufah. Perang Siffin meletus.

659M- Saidina Ali menawan kembali Hijaz dan Yaman daripada Muawiyah. Muawiyah mengisytiharkan dirinya sebagai khalifah Damsyik.

661M- Saidina Ali wafat dibunuh. Tamatnya pemerintahan Khulafa al-Rasyidin. Saidina Hasan (Cucu Rasulullah S.a.w) kemudian diangkat sebagai Khalifah ke-5 Umat Islam menggantikan Saidina Ali.

661M- Setelah sekitar 6 bulan Khalifah Saidina Hasan memerintah, 2 kelompok besar pasukan Islam yaitu Pasukan Khalifah Saidina Hasan di Kufah dan pasukan Muawiyah di Damsyik telah siap untuk memulai suatu pertempuran besar. Ketika pertempuran hendak pecah, Muawiyah kemudian menawarkan rancangan perdamaian kepada Khalifah Hasan yang kemudian dengan pertimbangan persatuan Umat Islam, rancangan perdamaian Muawiyah ini diterima secara bersyarat oleh Khalifah Saidina Hasan dengan kekuasaan Kekhalifahan diserahkan oleh Khalifah Hasan kepada Muawiyah. Tahun itu kemudian dikenal dengan nama Tahun Perdamaian/Persatuan Umat (Am Jamaah) dalam sejarah Umat Islam. Sejak saat itu Muawiyah menjadi Khalifah Umat Islam yang kemudian dilanjutkannya dengan sistem Kerajaan Islam yang pertama yaitu pergantian pemimpin (Raja Islam) yang dilakukan secara turun temurun (Daulah Umayyah) dari Daulah Umayyah ini kemudian berlanjut kepada Kerajaan-Kerajaan Islam selanjutnya seperti Daulah Abbasiyah, Fatimiyah, Usmaniyah dll.

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Philosophy of UTM

The divine law of Allah is the foundation for science and technology. Universiti Teknologi Malaysia strives with total and unified effort to develop excellence in science and technology for universal peace and prosperity, in accordance with His Will.


To be recognised as a world-class centre of academic and technological excellence


To be a leader in the development of human capital and innovative technologies that will contribute to the nation's wealth creation


In the name of God for Mankind

Brief History

UTM is a leading innovation-driven research-intensive university in science and technology located both in Kuala Lumpur and Johor Bahru, Malaysia with a student population of more than 9,100 postgraduates and 13,800 undergraduates including more than 3,300 international students. It is renowned for being at the forefront of engineering and technological knowledge and expertise with more than 2,200 PhD students enrolled in science and technology research programmes. UTM has established a reputation for innovative education and leading-edge research contributing significantly to intellectual property generation for the nation. UTM is also actively involved in research collaboration with renowned universities such as Cambridge, Oxford, MIT, Imperial College, Stanford Research Institute, Kyoto and Tokyo, to name a few. The university offers a wide range of Executive Education programmes from industrial doctorate (Eng. D.) up to market-driven diploma courses.

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